Integration of HIV Care and Treatment in Primary Health Care Centers and Patient Retention in Central Mozambique: A Retrospective Cohort Study
A retrospective cohort study by Dr. Barrot Lambdin of Pangaea has been published in the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (JAIDS). Use the link below to access the study, and read below for the abstract:
Background: In 2004, the Mozambican Ministry of Health began a national scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) using a vertical model of HIV clinics colocated within large urban hospitals. In 2006, the ministry expanded access by integrating ART into primary health care clinics.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study including adult ART-naive patients initiating ART between January 2006 and June 2008 in public sector clinics in Manica and Sofala provinces. Cox proportional hazards models with robust variances were used to estimate the association between clinic model (vertical/integrated), clinic location (urban/rural), and clinic experience (first 6 months/post first 6 months) and attrition occurring in early patient follow-up (≤6 months) and attrition occurring in late patient follow-up (>6 months), while controlling for age, sex, education, pre-ART CD4 count, World Health Organization stage and pharmacy staff burden.
Results: A total of 11,775 patients from 17 clinics were studied. The overall attrition rate was 37 per 100 person-years. Patients attending integrated clinics had a higher risk of attrition in late follow-up [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.75; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.04 to 2.94], and patients attending urban clinics (HR = 0.57; 95% CI: 0.35 to 0.91) had a lower risk of attrition in late follow-up. Though not statistically significant, clinics open for longer than 6 months (HR = 0.71; 95% CI: 0.49 to 1.04) had a lower risk of attrition in early follow-up.
Conclusions: Patients attending vertical clinics had a lower risk of attrition. Utilizing primary health clinics to implement ART is necessary to reach higher levels of coverage; however, further implementation strategies should be developed to improve patient retention in these settings.
LINK: click here
On Thursday November 29, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton commemorated World AIDS Day 2012 and unveiled the PEPFAR Blueprint: Creating an AIDS-free Generation that provides a roadmap for how the U.S. government will work to help achieve an AIDS-free generation. Secretary Clinton will be joined by Ambassador Eric P. Goosby, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator.
Secretary Clinton was joined by:
Ambassador Eric P. Goosby, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator
Michel Sidibe, UNAIDS Executive Director
Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, Chairperson of the African Union Commission
Florence Ngobeni-Allen, Ambassador for the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation
The PEPFAR Blueprint is available here: http://www.pepfar.gov/documents/organization/201386.pdf
This month, Pangaea published a paper in a preeminent journal of women’s health, Reproductive Health Matters. This paper summarizes data from Pangaea’s SHAZ! Project, a study working to increase access to HIV services and improve health outcomes for adolescent women living with HIV in Zimbabwe. Findings highlight the complex and critical nature of disclosure of HIV status among this age group to achieve good HIV and reproductive health outcomes. Programs and services must do more to help young women living with HIV negotiate the complexities of disclosure in the context of achieving desired fertility.
Abstract: In the Shona culture of Zimbabwe, a high regard for childbearing contributes to strong pressures on women to have children. For young women living with HIV, consequently, disclosure of HIV status
can be a central strategy to garner support for controlling fertility. This paper reports findings from
qualitative interviews with 28 young women aged 16–20 living with HIV in urban Zimbabwe and discusses
how these findings can contribute to better policies and programs for this population. Regardless of their
current relationship status, interview participants described disclosure as a turning point in romantic
partnerships, recounting stressful experiences with major ramifications such as abuse and abandonment
on the one hand, and support and love on the other. All but one participant had been in a committed
relationship, and most had disclosed to a previous or current partner, with about half of disclosure
experiences resulting in adverse reactions. Findings suggest that sexual and reproductive health services
must do more to help young women living with HIV negotiate the complexities of disclosure in the context
of achieving desired fertility. © 2012 Reproductive Health Matters
Full article available at: www.rhm-elsevier.com
Pangaea is launching a new report, “The Leadership of Affected Communities in Delivering HIV Prevention, Testing and Treatment”, with recommendations from two consultations held in Zimbabwe and Thailand organized with the World Health Organization (WHO), UNAIDS, the Zimbabwe Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, and the Asian Network of People Living with HIV (APN+). These recommendations have been presented to WHO for consideration as it develops new consolidated HIV treatment guidelines for release in 2013. The report distills lessons learned from HIV treatment community organizations from over 30 countries.
What is a Shadow City?
"A city, municipality or other jurisdictional area that is overshadowed, and thus overpowered by a larger city that is global in nature and possesses more resources such as expertise, enterprise, money, and national government investment."
— Marsha Martin (2011), Get Screened Oakland, an initiative of the Office of the Mayor of Oakland
Dr. Barrot Lambdin, Pangaea's Director of Implementation Science, was lead author of "Local Residents Trained As 'Influence Agents' Most Effective In Persuading African Couples On HIV Counseling And Testing," published in Health Affairs in August of 2011.
Dr. Barrot Lambdin, Pangaea's Director of Implementation Science, was lead author of Patient Volume, Human Resource Levels, and Attrition From HIV Treatment Programs in Central Mozambique published in JAIDS in July 2011.
Lambdin, Barrot H PhD, MPH; Micek, Mark A MD, MPH; Koepsell, Thomas D MD, MPH; Hughes, James P PhD, MS; Sherr, Kenneth PhD, MPH; Pfeiffer, James PhD, MPH; Karagianis, Marina MBChB; Lara, Joseph MPH; Gloyd, Stephen S MD, MPH; Stergachis, Andy PhD, MS
JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes:
1 July 2011 - Volume 57 - Issue 3 - pp e33-e39
Implementation and Operational Research: Epidemiology and Prevention
Full text of article available here.
Pangaea researchers have led the development of SHAZ! (Shaping the Health of Adolescents in Zimbabwe) – an HIV prevention intervention and research study in Zimbabwe that empowers adolescent female orphans to avoid sexual risk behaviors by improving economic opportunities and linking them to life skills-based HIV education and clinical care. As a resource for others in the field, Pangaea is pleased to be able to make available the SHAZ! Facilitator's Guide.
Pangaea convened an expert consultation in July 2009 in Cape Town, South Africa on behalf of the Office of AIDS Research (OAR) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), aimed at addressing the growing imperative for analyses to inform and improve uptake of proven interventions and to scale up HIV/AIDS programs.
HIV Prevention Among Injection Drug Users: Strengthening U.S. Support for Core Interventions, CSIS Global Health Policy Center, April 2010
This report examines data on the burden of HIV among IDUs and access to and receipt of MAT, needle and syringe programs (NSP), and ART services in 14 countries.