Overall, China is still experiencing a low-prevalence epidemic, with some key regions experiencing high prevalence epidemics. However, the epidemic has already started to spread from high-risk populations to the general population.
China’s AIDS epidemic is exhibiting the following characteristics: 1. The rate of increase in the growth of the AIDS epidemic has slowed further; 2. sexual transmission continues to be the primary mode of transmission, and homosexual transmission is increasing rapidly; 3. nationally, the AIDS epidemic is in a state of low prevalence, with some areas exhibiting serious epidemics; 4. the number of people affected by AIDS is increasing, and transmission modes are diversifying.
HIV and AIDS in Tanzania is a generalized epidemic. By early 2008 it was estimated that 1.3 million people including adult and children in Tanzania mainland were living with HIV and 10% are children (below18 yrs). Adults in the age group of (35 – 39) are more likely to be infected than the other age groups. Knowledge changes are noted in the THIMS but risky sexual acts still prevail among men and women of various age and socio-economic groups. Some of the driving factors includes poverty, (34% of households live below poverty line); pervasive socio-cultural norms and practices – which includes early marriages, gender inequities, gender-based violence, and crossgenerational.
HIV continues to have the greatest prevalence in the United States among African Americans and men who have sex with men (MSM). At the end of 2006, blacks accounted for 45 percent (24,900) of people estimated to be living with HIV in the U.S., whites accounted for 35 (19,600) percent, and Hispanics for 17 percent (9,700).
Source: UNGASS, United States Progress Report, March 2010
Zimbabwe is one of the countries in sub-Saharan Africa most affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and as such, is a major priority for the Pangaea Global AIDS Foundation. Pangaea is currently working to establish a local site, Pangaea-Zimbabwe, dedicated to country level treatment optimization, advocacy and community outreach, and furthering our decades-long work empowering adolescent girls and women living in the country who are disproportionally affected by HIV/AIDS.